6138. First edition of Kepler's Tabulae Rudolphinae 1627

KEPLER, JOHANNES. Tabulae Rudolphinae, Quibus Astronomicae Scientiae, Temporum longinquitate collapsae Restauratio continetur: A Phoenice illo Astronomorum Tychone, Ex Illustri & Generosa Braheorum in Regno Daniae familia oriundo Equite, Primum Animo Concepta Et Destinata Anno Christi MDLXIV, ... tracta per annos XXV, ... Tandem Traducta In Germaniam, In Que Aulam Et Nomen Rudolphi Imp. anno MDIIC. ; Tabulas Ipsas, Iam Et Nuncupatas, Et Affectas, Sed Morte Authoris Sui Anno MDCI. Desertas, Iussu Et Stipendiis Fretus Trium Imppp. Rudolphi, Matthiae, Ferdinandi, Annitentibus Haeredibus Braheanis; Ex Fundamentis observationum relictarum ... continuis multorum annorum speculationibus, & computationibus, primum Pragae Bohemorum continuavit / deinde Lincii, ... subsidiis etiam III. Provincialium adiutus, emendavit, perfecit, absolvit; adq[ue] causarum & calculi perennis formulam traduxit Joannes Keplerus, Tychoni primum a Rudolpho II. Imp. adiunctus calculi minister; indeq[ue] trium ordine Imppp. Mathematicus...
2 parts in one volume. Ulm (Jonae Saurii) 1627.

Folio (c. 342x232 mm.). (18, including engraved frontispiece), 1-120 (without the 8-leaf "Sportula genethliacis missa", published in 1629); (1)-40, (1), 42-119, (1 blank) pp. Engraved frontispiece Georg Celer after Kepler (small dampstain in upper outer corner), woodcut diagrams in text, large woodcut device on part 2 section title, 1 large folding engraved world map by Philip Eckebrecht (Shirley "World" 335, trimmed to platemark, a few small holes in the folding).
Contemporary vellum, somewhat worn, somewhat warped covers, defective straps, blank spine.
Dedication leaves browned, from Idyllion to p. 34 dampstaining in upper outer corner. Last blank page with small private library stamp in lower inner margin "Börje Israelsons bibliotek".

First edition, title and first quire in second state, second quire in third state (56 lines and marginals in cursive). Without the "Sportula..." and Bartsch's Appendix published after Kepler's death in 1630.

VD17 23:297042N; Caspar 79;Waller 12069; See PPM 112; Shirley "World" 335.
The Rudolphine Tables consist of a star catalogue and planetary tables published by Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) in 1627, using observational data collected by Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). After Brahe's death, Kepler became his successor and continued the work alone, finishing the tables at the end of 1623. The Rudolphine Tables are named in honor of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer who was a key figure in the 17th-century scientific revolution. He is best known for his laws of planetary motion, presented in his works Astronomia Nova, Harmonices Mundi, and Epitome of Copernican Astronomy. Kepler's work also provided foundations for Newton's theory of universal gravitation.

The exceedingly rare map, often missing, but present in this copy, was created by Philip Eckebrecht (1594-1667) at the request of his friend Kepler to be used alongside the Rudolphine Tables. Although the map is dated 1630, all known copies must have been issued considerably later, almost certainly after 1658, when the emperor Leopold, to whom the map is dedicated, came to the throne. The map features a stunning double-headed eagle guarding the world. The central hemisphere's prime meridian is based on Tycho Brahe's observatory Uraniborg on the island of Hven, and the remaining parts of the world are in bifurcated form on either side of the central hemisphere (based on Juha Nurminen's Collection of World Maps).

From a Swedish collection.

Text with small to minimal dampstain in lower outer margin throughout. The map closely cut/ trimmed within platemark, upper part to platemark, small tear to one of the lower folds (about 1 cm) with repair on verso, 2 small holes to lower folds, small tear to lower fold of inner margin (1 cm), 2 very minor tears to outer part (2-3 mms)
The map most probably tipped in later.