6019. Beautiful herbal by Fuchs, Basel 1543

FIRST EDITION IN GERMAN OF FUCHS'S BEAUTIFUL HERBAL. FUCHS, LEONHART. New Kreüterbuch, in welchem nit allein die gantz histori, das ist, namen, gestalt, statt vnd zeit der wachsung, natur, krafft vnd würckung, des meysten theyls der Kreüter so in Teütschen vnnd andern Landen wachsen, mit dem besten vleiss beschriben, sonder auch aller derselben wurtzel, ... Durch den hochgelerten Leonhart Fuchsen ... Mit dreyen nützlichen Registern... Basel (Michael Isingrin) 1543.

Folio (about 377x242 mm.). (446, last 2 blank) ll. Hand-coloured (old colour) printer's device in woodcut on title and larger device on final recto, full-page hand-coloured (old colour) woodcut portrait of Fuchs on title verso, 517 hand-coloured (old colour) botanical woodcuts by Viet Rudolph Speckle after Heinrich Füllmaurer and Albert Meyer, hand-coloured woodcut portrait of the three artists at the end, woodcut historiated initials in several sizes, together with 7 full-page water colour plates (title mended after cut out signature, leaf signed X1 mended in lower part without text- or pictorial loss, about 20 leaves with small marginal tears, some minor foxing).
Interfoliated throughout, 8 of the leaves with full-page flower paintings in ink and water colour (see above, 1 with damage in lower margin, two with small marginal tears).

Contemporary blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards, somewhat worn, brass fitting (clasps and one fitting missing), blank spine in seven compartments, small tear at head, old library label in upper second compartment.
Armorial bookplate of the Sack family at the Bergshammar mansion on inside of upper board, old signature of Johannes Rausenfeldt on inside of lower board.

Nissen, BBI 659; VD 16 F 3243; Pritzel 3139; Printing and the Mind of Man, 69 (Latin edition).

First edition in German of "perhaps the most celebrated and most beautiful herbal ever published" (PPM), with some amendments and an additional 5 woodcuts not present in the original Latin edition De Historia stirpium, which was published in 1542.
The text is also augmented with an index of deceases treatable with herbs. The illustrations depict over 400 German and 100 foreign plants (including the first description of some recently discovered American plants). This was also one of the first herbals that also recognized the artists for their contributions and whose work influenced botanical illustration for many years.
The drawings were made from life by Albert Meyer, largely based on plants in Fuch's medicinal garden at Tübingen.

Leonhart (Leonhard) Fuchs's (Memmingen 1501- Tübingen 1566), German physician and botanist. The South American genus Fuchsia was named after him.

Provenance: Johan Gabriel Sack (1697-1751), baron, chamberlain and civil servant, owner of the Bergshammar mansion.
The library of Bergshammar (Fogdö in Södermanland, south of Stockholm), was owned by the Sack family from 1705. Part of the large library of about 10.000 volumes was bought by the famous antiquarian firm "Björk & Börjesson" in the 1930's.

8 full-page flower paintings in ink and watercolour
Colouring old, but probably partly not contemporary