6010. Basil Fabri's famous Thesaurus

FABRI, BASIL. (2). Thesaurus eruditionis scholasticæ omnium usui et disciplinis omnibus accomodatus post celeberrimorum virorum Buchneri, Cellarii, Graevii, operas et adnotationes et multiplices Andreae Stübelii curas iterum recensitus, emendatus, locupletatus a Io. Matthia Gesnero... (I-II). Lipsiae (ex officina Saalbachiana [vol. I] - typis Joh. Georgii Schniebesii [vol. II]) 1735.

Folio (399x244 mm.). (8) ll, column 1-1792, (1) pp, column 1-1308 (Index at end separately bound in contemporary worn wrappers, defective spine, 99 unpaginated leaves) pp. Title with woodcut vignette.
Contemporary brown full calf, somewhat worn, richly gilt spine in seven compartments, red slightly faded spine label, marbled edges. Very minor foxing, pp. 187-188 in the second part somewhat discoloured from an inserted contemporary notification (probably written by Gustaf Celsing). With Gustaf Celsing's signature on title. 2 volumes.

Basil Faber (1520 - 1576), Lutheran schoolmaster and theologian, was born at Sorau, in lower Lusatia. In 1538 he entered the University of Wittenberg, studying as pauper gratis under Melanchthon. He became successively rector of the schools at Nordhausen, Tennstadt (1555), Magdeburg (1557) and Quedlinburg (1560). From this last post he was removed in December 1570 as a Crypto - Calvinist. In 1571 he was appointed to the Raths - gymnasium at Erfurt, not as rector, but as director (Vorsteher). His translation of the first twenty - five chapters of Luther's commentary on Genesis was published in 1557; in other ways he promoted the spread of Lutheran views. He was a contributor to the first four of the Magdeburg Centuries. He is best known by this Thesaurus Eruditionis Scholasticae (first published in 1571). It is essentially a Latin dictionary/encyclopedia for German readers, and it served for over 200 years as a primary tool in a German classical education.
In general usage, a thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which provides definitions for words, and generally lists them in alphabetical order..
Provenance: The von Celsing family, Biby